- This analysis compares the risk of death involving the coronavirus (COVID-19) according to a person’s disability status as recorded in the 2011 Census; people are counted as disabled if they said their daily activities were limited a little or limited a lot by a health problem or disability lasting or expected to last at least 12 months, in this data source.
- Disabled people (as defined) made up almost 6 in 10 (59%) of all deaths involving COVID-19 in this period; disabled people made up around 16% of the study population followed from the 2011 Census.
- Among all deaths involving COVID-19 of males aged 9 to 64 years in this period, the proportion made up by disabled people (those limited a little or limited a lot in their day-to-day activities) was smallest at 39%; among all deaths involving COVID-19 of females aged 65 years and over in this period, the proportion made up by disabled people was largest, at 67% of these deaths.
- Among both males and females aged 9 years and over, those who were either disabled and limited a lot or disabled and limited a little in 2011 had a statistically significant higher age standardised mortality rate (ASMR) of death involving COVID-19 in this period than those who were non-disabled; male and female disabled people who were limited a lot had a statistically significantly higher ASMR of death involving COVID-19 than disabled people who were limited a little.
- Disabled males whose activities were limited a lot at the 2011 Census had an overall age-standardised rate of death involving COVID-19 of 240.8 deaths per 100,000; for disabled females, the rate was 169.9 deaths per 100,000; the equivalent rates for males and females who were non-disabled in 2011 were 84.2 and 44.4 deaths per 100,000 respectively.
- After adjusting for region, population density, socio-demographic and household characteristics, the relative difference in mortality rates between those disabled and limited a lot and those non-disabled was 2.4 times higher for females and 2.0 times higher for males.
- Our research was based on linking deaths to the 2011 Census, the most timely data available, including people aged 9 years and over; we used a regression model to adjust for specific characteristics for people in private households at the time of the census; we aim to undertake further analysis that takes into account other characteristics such as pre-existing health conditions.
Read the full analysis on the Office For National Statistics’ website.